Art Forms: Folk opera, Music, Dance, Theatre.
Participants: All ages
Country: Papua New Guinea/Australia
Description of the work
Teaching artistry in Papua New Guinea: unexpectedly reclaiming tradition through innovation
In the Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea (PNG) an extended teaching artist program called Life Drama has been operating for over a decade. Since 2007 a group of researcher/teaching artists from Australia has been collaborating with PNG colleagues to set up sustainable infrastructure for designing, implementing and evaluating a teaching artist program addressing sexual health issues, particularly safe sexual behaviors, for young people in Papua New Guinea.
After a few years of quite productive activity, it was clear to all that many of the most effective workshop techniques were drawn from bodies of practice which originated in the UK and the US. Were there not indigenous knowledges and performance traditions which could not be used to advance the social value of the work; to move beyond the predominantly white and Western pedagogies and aesthetics?
A significant breakthrough came when we met local actors and directors who recalled the work of Raun Raun Theatre based in Goroka, PNG. The late 1970’s and early 1980’s was a period of extraordinary invention and experimentation for Raul Raun. During those years they developed a distinctive form of theatre which brought together many of the diverse performance characteristics of PNG traditional communities. Known as ‘Folk Opera’, Raun Raun established the framework of a genuinely intra-cultural theatre for PNG. The Life Drama teaching artists were fortunate to track down and then work with the senior members of the Raun Raun; those who had invented Folk Opera. This framework consists of three interweaving aesthetic elements: Story Force, Feeling Force, and Picture Force.
With the permission and support of Raun Raun senior artists, Life Drama adapted the Folk Opera framework to help with its aesthetic work focussed on the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted illnesses including HIV. In so doing the Life Drama teaching artists actually helped Raun Raun and other theatre groups in PNG to reclaim and reuse the Folk Opera form developed fifty years earlier.
The work of Raun Raun during this period of creative discovery has been detailed in the book by Greg Murphy, Raun Raun’s founder and first Director.
Fears of loss, tears of joy: Raun Raun Theatre and its role in the construction of a national culture in Papua New Guinea, by Greg Murphy, Port Moresby University, Papua New Guinea Press, 2010. ISBN9980939478
Life Drama Resources (Handbook, DVD, and ‘Life Drama Bilum’ of techniques) are available from: Dr Jane Awi,
Director, Centre for Melanesian Studies,
The University of Goroka
P.O Box 1078
GOROKA 441, Eastern Highlands Province
Papua New Guinea